DIPLOMA POWER PLANT ENGINEERING 6TH SEM MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

POWER PLANT ENGINEERING

Author:Diploma Technical education BOARD
Subject Title                           :           Power plant engineering
Subject Code                         :           M
Hours Per Week                    :           04
Hours Per Semester              :           64

TOPIC ANALYSIS

SL.No
Major Topics
Hours Allotted
Weightage of Marks
                                                           SECTION-I                                        
1
Introduction to power plant
03
10
2
Economics of Power plant
05
15
3
Thermal power plant
10
25
                                                          SECTION-II              
4
Hydro power plant
10
25
5
Diesel and gas turbine power plant
10
25
                                                        SECTTION-III            
6
Nuclear power plant
06
15
7
Environmental impact of power plant
05
15
8
Power plant safety
05
15
9
Environmental concerns and Industry innovations
06


Tests
04
-

Total
64
145
           
On the completion of the course the students should be able to:
1.      Understand power plant engineering and its classification
2.      Appreciate and know the economics of power plant
3.      Understand  the working of thermal power plant and Know the importance of thermal power plant
4.      Understand the various components of  hydro electric power plant and its importance
5.      Understand  the working of diesel power plant and gas turbine power plant
6.      Understand  the working of nuclear power plant
7.      Understand the various environmental aspects related to power plant.
8.      Understand  and appreciate the safety aspects related to power plant

COURSE CONTENTS
1.0              Introduction to Power plant
1.1               Introduction to power plant
1.2               Indian Energy scenario
1.3               Location of power plant
1.4               Choice of Power plant
1.5               Classification of power plant

2.0              Economics of power plant

2.1              Terminology used in power plant: Peak load, Base load, Load factor, Load curve
2.2              Various factor affecting the operation of power plant
2.3              Methods of meeting the fluctuating load in power plant
2.4              Load sharing- cost of power-tariff methods
2.5              Performance and operating characteristics of power plant

3.0       Thermal power plant

3.1       Role of thermal power plant in current power generation scenario
3.2       Selection site for thermal power plant
3.3       General lay out of a thermal power plant
3.4       Fuels used in thermal power plant- Fuel handling layout and its methods, stages in coal handling storage.
3.6       Fuel burning-Stoker firing, Pulverized fuel burning- Pulverization of coal
3.5.      Ash handling system- Gravity system, pneumatic or vacuum system, electrostatic precipitation(ESP) system.
3.6       Ash disposal Management and its utilization.
3.7       Feed water treatment- Mechanical, thermal methods.

4.0       Hydro power plant

4.1       Introduction to Hydro electric power plant
4.2       Rainfall, Runoff and its measurement, Hydrograph, flow duration curve
4.3       Selection of sites for hydro electric power plant
4.4       General layout of Hydro electric power plant and its working
4.5       Classification of the plant-Run off river plant, storage river plant, pumped storage plant
4.6       Advantages and disadvantages of hydro electric power plant

5.0              Diesel and Gas turbine plant

5.1       The layout of diesel power plant.
5.2       Components and the working of diesel power plant.
5.3       Advantages and disadvantages of diesel power plant.
5.4       Gas turbine power plant-Schematic diagram, components and its working
5.5       Combined cycle power generation- Combined gas and steam turbine power plant operation (only flow diagram). 

6.0              Nuclear power plant

            6.1       Introduction
            6.2       Nuclear power-Radio activity-Radioactive charge-types of reactions
            6.3       Working of a nuclear power plant
            6.4       Thermal fission Reactors- PWR, BWR and gas cooled reactors
            6.5       Advantages and Disadvantages of Nuclear power plant

7.0              Environmental impact of Power plant

7.1       Social and Economical issues of power plant.
7.2       Green house effect
7.3       Acid precipitation-Acid rain, Acid snow, Dry deposition, Acid fog
7.4       Air, water, Thermal pollution from power plants
7.5       Radiations from nuclear power plant effluents


8.0              Power plant safety

8.1       Plant safety concept
8.2       Safety policy to be observed in power plants
8.3       Safety practices to be observed in boiler operation
8.4       Safety in oil handling system
8.5       Safety in Chemical handling system
8.6       Statutory provision related to boiler operation


SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES

1.0              Understand the power plant engineering and classification
1.1              Give the introduction to power plant
1.2               Discuss the current Indian Energy scenario
1.3               State the factors to be considered for Location of  any type power plant
1.4               Explain the Choice of Power plant
1.5               Outline the Classification of power plant

2.0              Economics of power plant
2.1       Define the term: Peak load, Base load, Load factor with respect to power plant
2.2      Explain the concept of load curve
2.3               List the Various factor affecting the operation of power plant
2.4        Explain the Methods of meeting the fluctuating loads in power plant
2.5               State  the factors to be considered for Selection of site for the power plant
2.6       Explain the concept of load sharing
2.7       Explain the various tariff methods
2.8       Explain how the performance and operating characteristics of power plant is measured

3.0       Thermal power plant
3.1       Discuss the Role of thermal power plant in current power generation scenario
3.2       list the factors to be considered for Selection site for thermal power plant
3.3       With schematic diagram explain the layout of a thermal power plant
3.4       Lists the types of Fuels used in thermal power plant
3.5       Explain Fuel handling layout and its methods
3.6       Explain the various stages in coal handling storage.
3.7       Explain Stoker firing,
3.8       Explain Pulverized fuel burning
3.9       Describe briefly Pulverization of coal
3.10.    Explain the Ash handling system like Gravity system, pneumatic or vacuum system, electrostatic precipitation (ESP) system.
3.11     Explain how the ash being disposed and its utilization.
3.12     Explain the various methods of feed water treatment.

4.0       Hydro power plant
4.1       Out line the importance of Hydro electric power plant
4.2       Discuss: Rainfall, Runoff and its measurement, Hydrograph, flow duration curve
4.3       List the factors considered while selecting of sites for hydro electric power plant
4.4       Draw the layout of Hydro electric power plant and explain its working
4.5       Give the Classification of the plant
4.6       Explain-Run off river plant, storage river plant, pumped storage plant
4.7        State the Advantages and disadvantages of hydro electric power plant

5.0       Diesel and Gas turbine plant
5.1       Draw the layout of diesel power plant.
5.2       List the Components and explain the working of diesel power plant.
5.3       List the Advantages and disadvantages of diesel power plant.
5.4       Explain with schematic diagram the working of gas turbine power plant
5.5       List the components of the gas turbine power plant.
5.5       Explain with flow diagram the operation of combined gas and steam turbine power plant operation.

6.0         Nuclear power plant
            6.1       Out line the importance of nuclear power plant
            6.2       Explain: Nuclear power-Radio activity-Radioactive charge-types of reactions
            6.3       Explain with schematic diagram the working of a nuclear power plant
            6.4       Explain the following type’s thermal fission Reactors
                                    i) Pressurized water reactors ii) Boiling water reactor
                                    iii) Gas cooled reactors
6.5  State the advantages and disadvantages of Nuclear power plant

7.0       Environmental impact of Power plant

7.1       List the Social and Economical issues of with respect to power plant.
7.2       Explain Green house effect
7.3       Explain: Acid rain, Acid snow, Dry deposition, Acid fog
7.4       Explain Air, water, Thermal pollution from power plants
7.5       Explain how the radiations produced by nuclear power plant effluents will harm the environment

8.0       Power plant safety

8.1       Explain briefly about the plant safety concept
8.2       Discuss the Safety policy to be observed in power plants
8.3       List the Safety practices to be observed in boiler operation
8.4       List the Safety practices to be followed in oil handling system
8.5       List the Safety procedure to be followed in Chemical handling system
8.6       Discuss the Statutory provision related to boiler operation


REFERENCE BOOKS
      1    Power plant Engineering-P.K.Nag  Tata McGraw hill.
2    Power plant Engineering-Morse.
3    Power plant Engineering-Domkundawar.
4    Power plant Engineering-P.C.Sharma
5    Power plant Engineering-Rajput
6    Power plant Engineering-Gaffert.
7    Power plant Theory and design-P.I.potter-Ronald press.
8    Modern Power plant Engineering-J.weismen-,R .Ekart
9    Power Station Engineering& Economy-Skrotzki
10  The Elements of Nuclear Power plant-Bennet, Thomson

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