FLUID POWER ENGINEERING DIPLOMA 4TH SEMESTER MECHANICAL ENGINEERING FULL SYLLABUS

FLUID POWER ENGINEERING

 

Subject Title                           :           Fluid Power Engineering

Subject Code                         :           M-

Hours Per Week                    :           04

Hours Per Semester              :           64

 

TOPIC ANALYSIS

SL.No

Major Topics

Hours Allotted

Weightage of Marks

                                                         SECTION - I                                      

1

Introduction to Fluid Power Engineering

02

05

2

Fluid Power Fundamentals

03

05

3

Pumps

04

10

4

Valves

04

10

5

Actuators & accessories

06

15

                                                         SECTION - II             

6

Pipes, Hoses and Fittings

04

10

7

Hydraulic Symbols and Design of circuits

08

25

8

Fundamentals of Pneumatics

02

03

9

Pneumatic Components

04

10

10

Pneumatic Symbols as per ISO1219

01

02

                                                        SECTION - III            

11

Design of Pneumatic circuits

07

25

12

Combination circuits

03

10

13

Fluidics/Fluid Logics

04

10

14

Maintenance

02

05

15

Industry Institution Interaction

06

-

16

Tests

04

-

 

Total

64

145

 

 

OBJECTIVES

On the completion of the course the students should be able to:

  • Know what is fluid power
  • Know the importance of fluid power in automation
  • Understand the concepts behind hydraulic and pneumatic systems
  • Learn  transmission of  fluid power
  • Recognize and use components of hydraulic and pneumatic systems
  • Explain the construction and working of fluid system components
  • Build a circuit for hydraulic or pneumatic system
  • Apply the designed circuit to a real world scenario
  • Know the importance of fluid sensors and  logic behind these circuits
  • Understand the schedule maintenance for fluid system.

 

 

SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES

 

1. Introduction to Fluid Power Engineering

1.1       Define Fluid Power Engineering

1.2       Brief about Historical perspective and general aspects

1.3       Explain Role of Fluid Power Engineering in today’s Industrial Automation

1.4       Indicate the Elements of Automation and types

1.5       Clarify the Aims of automation

2. Fluid Power Fundamentals

            2.1       Introduction

            2.2       Discus Fluid Power

            2.3       Explain Basic Methods of Transmission of power

            2.4       Briefly describe Fluid Systems

 

3. Pumps

            3.1       Define Pumps

            3.2       Classify Pumps

                        3.2.1    Hydrodynamic

                                                - Centrifugal pumps, External Gear Pump, Lobe, Vane pumps

                                                - Axial pumps-

piston-axial

piston-inline

piston-radial

4. Valves

            4.1       Sketch and explain pressure control valves-relief valve, balance valve

            4.2       explain pressure reducing valves

            4.3       Discuss the importance of directional control valve

                                    - what is control?

- explain the construction of poppet valve, spool valve, construction of 2,3  and 4 way direction control valve.

            4.4       Flow control valve

                                    - Understand the significance of  non-return/check valves

                                    - know the construction and working of Non return valve

                                    - sketch and explain pilot operated sequence valve

5. Actuators

            5.1       Define actuators

            5.2       Understand the linear actuators

                                    - Cylinders

                                    - Construction and working of cylinders

                                    - Construction and working of single acting and double acting

 

            5.2       Know the importance of Rotary actuators

                                    - Hydraulic Motor

                                                - Unidirectional

                                                - Bidirectional

                                    - explain the construction of

                                                - Gear, vane, piston actuators

 

 

6. Accessory Components

            6.1       What are reservoirs?

            6.2       Know the construction, working and uses of different accumulators

                        Like – weight loaded, spring loaded, gas loaded.

            6.3       What is role played by Intensifier?

                                    - explain the construction, working and uses of an intensifier.

            6.4       conductors/pipes; pipe fittings

 

7. Design of Hydraulic circuits

            - List of components

            - understand and use symbols

            - Introduction to design of hydraulic circuits

            - Create basic hydraulic circuits

            - Meter in circuits

            - Meter out circuits

            - bleed off circuits

            - Accumulator circuits

            - sequencing circuits

            - Regenerative circuits

            -pressure reducing circuits

 

            E.g.: Hydraulic circuit for a Robot ARM

 

8. Fundamentals of Pneumatics

            8.1       Define Pneumatics

            8.2       Applications of Pneumatics

            8.3       Gas Laws, Pascal Law

 

9. Pneumatic Components

            9.1       Air compressors

            9.2       Types of air compressors-

                                    - reciprocating piston compressor

                                    - Diaphragm compressor

                                    - Vane compressor

            9.3       reservoirs/air receiver

            9.4       FRL – unit- construction and working

            9.5       valves

                                    - direction control valves 2/2, 3/2, 4/2 , 5/2 and 5/3 valve controls

                                    - manual

                                    - mechanical

                                    - pneumatic

                                    - electro pneumatic

                                    - combination of any 2

                                   

 

            9.6       actuators

                                    9.6.1    cylinders- single acting and double acting

                                    9.6.2    air motors- piston motor, gear motor, sliding vane motor

 

10        Pneumatic Symbols

                        10.1     Port markings

                        10.2     ports and positions

                        10.3     symbols as per ISO1219/ ANSI

 

11        Pneumatic circuits

                        Difference between Hydraulic circuits  and pneumatic circuits

                        11.1     Basic pneumatic circuit

                        11.2     control of double acting cylinder using 4/2 DCV

                        11.3     pilot controlled double acting cylinder 4/2 DCV

                        11.4     speed control circuit for a double acting cylinder

                        11.5     semi-automatic material handling circuit

                        11.6     Time delay circuits  e.g: Sorting of objects, punching operations, etc

 

12        Combination circuits

                        12.1     advantages of combination

                        12.2     hydropneumatic / pneumohydraulic circuits

                        12.3     air over oil circuit

                        12.4     air over oil intensifier circuit

                        12.5     mechanical hydraulic servo system

                        12.6     electro hydraulic system

                        12.7     comparison of hydraulic, pneumatic and hydropneumatic systems

 

 

13        Fluidics/ Fluid Logics

                        13.1     Introduction

                        13.2     Advantage, disadvantage and application of fluidics

                        13.3     fluidic elements

                        13.4     classification of fluidic devices

                        13.5     fluid logic devices

                                                - Bi-stable flip flop

                                                - AND gate

                                                - OR-NOR gate

                        13.6     Fluid Sensors

                                    -Interruptible sensors

                                    -Jet Sensors

                                    -Reflex Sensors

                                    -Back pressure sensors

14        Maintenance

                        14.1     maintenance of hydraulic system

                                    - common faults in hydraulic system

                                    - simple visual checks of oil

                                    - causes of contamination

                                    - preventive measures

                        14.2     common problems in pneumatic systems

                                    -maintenance schedule of pneumatic systems

COURSE CONTENTS

 

1. Introduction to Fluid Power Engineering

1.1       Fluid Power Engineering

1.2       general aspects

1.3       Role of Fluid Power Engineering in today’s Industrial Automation

1.4       Elements of Automation and types

2. Fluid Power Fundamentals

            2.1       Introduction

            2.2       Methods of Transmission of power

            2.4       Fluid Systems

 

3. Pumps

            3.1       Pumps

            3.2       Classification of Pumps

                        3.2.1    Hydrodynamic

                                                - Centrifugal pumps, External Gear Pump, Lobe, Vane pumps

                                                - Axial pumps-piston-axial ,piston-inline, piston-radial

4. Valves

            4.1       pressure control valves-relief valve, balance valve

            4.2       pressure reducing valves

            4.3       directional control valve

                                    -poppet valve, spool valve, construction of 2,3  and 4 way dcv.

            4.4       Flow control valve

                                    - non-return/check valves

                                    -pilot operated sequence valve

5. Actuators

            5.1       actuators

            5.2       Linear actuators

                                    - Cylinders

                                    - single acting and double acting

 

            5.3       Rotary actuators

                                    - Hydraulic Motor

                                                - Unidirectional

                                                - Bidirectional

                                                            -Gear, vane, piston actuators

6. Accessory Components

            6.1       Reservoirs

            6.2       Accumulators

                                     – weight loaded, spring loaded, gas loaded.

            6.3       Intensifier

            6.4       conductors/pipes; pipe fittings

 

7. Design of Hydraulic circuits

            - components

            - symbols

            - Hydraulic circuits

            - Basic hydraulic circuits

            - Meter in circuits

            - Meter out circuits

            - Bleed off circuits

            - Accumulator circuits

            - sequencing circuits

            - Regenerative circuits

            -pressure reducing circuits

 

            E.g.: Hydraulic circuit for a Robot ARM

 

8. Fundamentals of Pneumatics

            8.1       Pneumatics

            8.2       Applications of Pneumatics

            8.3       Gas Laws, Pascal Law

 

9. Pneumatic Components

            9.1       Air compressors

            9.2       Types of air compressors

                                    - reciprocating piston compressor

                                    - Diaphragm compressor

                                    - Vane compressor

            9.3       reservoirs/air receiver

            9.4       FRL – unit

            9.5       valves

                                    - direction control valves 2/2, 3/2, 4/2 , 5/2 and 5/3

                        valve controls

                                    - manual

                                    - mechanical

                                    - pneumatic

                                    - electro pneumatic

                                    - combination of any 2

           

            9.6       actuators

                                    9.6.1    cylinders- single acting and double acting

                                    9.6.2    air motors- piston motor, gear motor, sliding vane motor

 

10        Pneumatic Symbols

                        10.1     Port markings

                        10.2     ports and positions

                        10.3     symbols as per ISO1219/ ANSI

 

11        Pneumatic circuits

                        Hydraulic circuits  and pneumatic circuits

                        11.1     Basic pneumatic circuit

                        11.2     control of double acting cylinder using 4/2 DCV

                        11.3     pilot controlled double acting cylinder 4/2 DCV

                        11.4     speed control circuit for a double acting cylinder

                        11.5     semi-automatic material handling circuit

                        11.6     time delay circuit

 

           

12        combination circuits

                        12.1     advantages of combination

                        12.2     hydropneumatic / pneumohydraulic circuits

                        12.3     air over oil circuit

                        12.4     air over oil intensifier circuit

                        12.5     mechanical hydraulic servo system

                        12.6     electro hydraulic system

                        12.7     comparison of hydraulic, pneumatic and hydropneumatic systems

 

 

13        Fluidics/ Fluid Logics

                        13.1     Introduction

                        13.2     Advantage, disadvantage and application of fluidics

                        13.3     fluidic elements

                        13.4     classification of fluidic devices

                        13.5     fluid logic devices and types

                        13.6     Fluid Sensors and types of sensors

14        Maintenance

                        14.1     maintenance of hydraulic system

                                    - common faults in hydraulic system

                                    - simple visual checks of oil

                                    - causes of contamination

                                    - preventive measures

                        14.2     common problems in pneumatic systems

                                    -maintenance schedule of pneumatic systems

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Text Books: 1.Fluid Power Engineering By R K Hegde & Neeranjan Murthy, Sapna Publishers.

REFERENCES

1.      Hydraulic and Pneumatic Controls-

Author:         K.S.Sundaram,

            Publisher:      S. Chand

            

2.      Robotics and Industrial Automation

Author:         R.K. Rajput

            Publisher:      S.Chand

            

3.      Oil Hydraulic and System

Author:         S.R.Majumdar

            Publisher:      McGraw Hill

          

4.      Pneumatic Systems

Author:         S.R.Majumdar

            Publisher:      McGraw Hill  

 

5.      Pneumatic Controls

Author:         Joji P

            Publisher:      Wiley India Ltd

 

6.      Pneumatic Systems

Author:         Sirohi

            Publisher:     

 

7.      Fluid Power with Applications

Author:         Anthony Esposito

 

            Publisher:      McGraw Hill

 

8.      Pneumatic Controls

      Author:         Joji P

      Publisher:     Wiley India Pvt Ltd.

 

       9. Hydraulics & Pneumatics – Andrew Parr , Jaico Publishing House.

   10.Centrifugal Pumps – Val S Lobanoff & Robert R Ross, Jaico Publishing House

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